In regulated provinces, becoming an ND requires 8 years of full-time University. In Quebec there are no schools offering such a training.
In addition, the minister of education prohibits schools that are not universities from using the word doctorate. Obviously there are no naturopathic doctors who've studied and graduated in Quebec. A few schools do offer a naturopathy designation. Please note that this list of schools does not imply AQTN recognition:
The scope of practice also greatly differs, in Quebec naturopathic doctors cannot legally treat or diagnose medical illnesses, they cannot prescribe prescription medication and they are not considered (by the medical community or by law) as primary care providers.
When most people think about naturopaths, they think of herbs, vitamins and supplements, which may be dangerous when combined with prescription medication.
Naturotherapy encompasses a small spectrum of therapeutic approaches broadly grouped into four categories:
alternative medical systems.
bodywork therapies which fall under the massage designation.
biologically based therapies such as nutritional therapy, use of herbal or other supplements.
mind-body therapies such as biofeedback, hypnosis, tai chi, yoga, Qi gong, meditation, reiki, neuro-linguistic programming (NLP), progressive relaxation or deep breathing exercises, life coaching.
How does AQTN account for the required 500 hours?
Through training in one or more of the methods listed above.
Certain hours from certain bachelor degree courses may also be admissible, although generally insufficient by itself. Examples include social work, nursing, human nutrition, global nutrition, nutritional biochemistry or sexology (all offered at McGill).
We may also count continuing education or short certificates such as 15 or 30 hour classes.
Reflexology relieves tension, improves circulation and promotes the natural function of the body through the application of pressure on reflexes found (most commonly) on the feet, hands and / or ears. Some techniques work the head, the back, the meridians or other body points.